Fun with PIV with my YubiKey 3 Neo

Turns out that my マイナンバーカード is not the only thing which can do things like signing files and PIV is the official(?) standard for this. My old Yubikey 3 Neo can do that too thanks to the yubico-piv-tool.

And it’s basically the same as the マイナンバーカード except I have to set up everything myself.

As on my マイナンバーカード there’s 2 slots for 2 different keys and certificates:

  • Slot 9a for identification
  • Slot 9c for signing

Creating them is simple. I just show the ones for the signing slot 9c:

❯ yubico-piv-tool -s9c -AECCP256 -agenerate -o f2-9c.pub
❯ yubico-piv-tool -s9c -S'/CN=Harald Kubota/OU=Home/O=lan/' -averify -arequest -i f2-9c.pub -o f2-9c.csr
Enter PIN: 
Successfully verified PIN.
Successfully generated a certificate request.
# I need a DNS Name. And 8670h is about 1 year.
❯ step ca sign --set=dnsNames='["test5.lan"]' --not-after=8760h f2-9c.csr f2-9c.crt
✔ Provisioner: myCA@home (JWK) [kid: IFXxmmZDCX76WMNbFfUoBOBZdubx0SG45Jsd0VGxaz1]
✔ Please enter the password to decrypt the provisioner key: 
✔ CA: https://ca.lan:8443
✔ Certificate: f2-9c.crt
❯ yubico-piv-tool -s9c -aimport-certificate -i f2-9c.crt
Successfully imported a new certificate.

And here is how to sign a file and verify the signature:

❯ yubico-piv-tool -averify-pin --sign -s9c -HSHA256 -AECCP256 -i test.txt -o test.signature
Enter PIN: 
Successfully verified PIN.
Signature successful!

❯ yubico-piv-tool -s9c -aread-certificate >f2-9c.crt
❯ openssl x509 -pubkey -in f2-9c.crt -noout > f2-9c.pub
❯ openssl dgst -sha256 -verify f2-9c.pub -signature test.signature test.txt
Verified OK

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